Clearing Land Mines and Unexploded Ordnance: A Highly Dangerous, Life-Saving, Urgently Needed Task (S)
In the areas hardest hit by war, one of the most complex problems to overcome is the presence of unexploded ordnance such as Antipersonnel Mines (APM), Improvised Explosive Device, Explosive Remnants of War, and Boobie Traps, planted by the various parties of the conflict.
Such artifacts have frequently affected the civilian population, and risk is high that this will continue to be the case despite the end of the war. Between 1990 and March 2016, according to government data, at least one event was recorded in each of 693 municipalities in the country where, on account of these devices, a civilian or a member of one of the parties to the conflict was injured.
In that period, 33,894 such incidentes reported resulted from APM and with unexploded ammunition, for a total of 11,458 people affected. The situation has put the country as the second nation with victims of mines. 17% of the 1,200 municipalities in Colombia are classified in the top tier, followed by more than 25% of municipalities in the middle-tier.
That means that this problem affects at least 28 departments of the nation’s 32. Antioquia, Meta, Caquetá, Nariño and Norte de Santander would be the five departments with the highest number of victims. Pacifista.