‘Unsettling Numbers’; Insight Crime Magazine Claims Less than 1/2 of FARC Are Actually Demobilizing (E)
Thousands of FARC guerrillas have moved into concentration zones to start a demobilization process, but InSight Crime estimates that the total number of those surrendering represents only a fraction of the total rebel structure.
While the demobilization of the FARC has paved the way towards the dismantling of the major actor in Colombia’s criminal landscape, as much as 60 percent of the FARC‘s structure may still be still in the field.
These fighters are just the uniformed rebels, known as “guerrilleros rasos.” The FARC also have militia networks. These are groups that operate in in tandem with the rural “fronts” or fighting units, though they sometimes operate autonomously.
While the militias were meant to join the demobilization process, there is no indication of them moving into concentration zones or preparing to hand over weapons. Estimates of their size vary significantly. Official sources put their number at between 2,000 and 7,000, while the Colombian non-governmental organization Peace and Reconciliation Foundation (Fundación Paz y Reconciliación – PARES) calculates that the FARC fighters and militia combined could reach 25,000, a number which we believe to be closer to the reality.
The numbers are unsettling, suggesting that less than half the FARC‘s structure is actually demobilizing. Several middle-ranking commanders have already broken away from the group. On December 13, 2016 the FARC expelled five commanders from their ranks, and now there is evidence of further fragmentation as more factions break away or criminalize. Insight Crime