Nearly one year after the Colombian government and the rebel group FARC signed a historic peace accord, the fulfillment of nearly half its commitments is underway, according to a report issued Nov. 16 (Wednesday) by the University of Notre Dame’s Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies.
Since ending Latin America’s longest shooting war, Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos has been feted around the globe, winning the Nobel Peace Prize and fancy honorary degrees from the likes of the Sorbonne and his alma mater the University of Kansas. With such a well-burnished trophy wall, you might expect Santos to be gliding into retirement or some statesman’s sinecure. That’s not the way things are turning out. Instead, the peace accord that Santos finally bagged last year has been plagued with trouble and setbacks.Bloomberg
One of the most prominent rebels from Colombia's long conflict has joined his country's reconciliation effort even though he is locked up in a maximum-security prison in Colorado with little immediate prospect of being able to return home, where thousands of other former combatants will earn pardons for similar war crimes. Two Colombian officials said diplomats met with Ricardo Palmera at the U.S. government's highest-security prison last week and he agreed to cooperate with a key component of the peace plan: special peace tribunals set up to seek justice for millions of victims of Colombia's half-century conflict. ABC News
Colombia’s innovative approach to peacemaking could help India rethink its policy on dialogue with Pakistan. [...] “Terror and talks can’t go together” is the Modi government’s alliterative mantra on dialogue with Pakistan. When India’s leaders chant this zealously from podiums in Nizamabad, Astana and New York, the logic seems unassailable. But the time is ripe for New Delhi to rethink this policy, for the government to recognise that it should not stop talking to Pakistan until the last roots of violence have been eliminated. Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos’s recent success in negotiating an end to civil war in his country should persuade Prime Minister Narendra Modi to take a chance on this counter-intuitive strategy.The Wire
In a grim display of violence, Colombian security forces opened fire on demonstrating farmers last week in southwest Nariño state. The farmers were protesting the eradication of their coca fields when the shootings occurred. The actual number of dead and injured remains in dispute. The Prosecutor’s Office puts the number at seven dead and 30 wounded. Rights groups representing the farmers put the tally at 16 dead and more than 50 wounded. [...] In the wake of the shooting, critics charge government officials also attempted to cover up the circumstances so as to deny responsibility.The Daily Beast
(RTTNews) - Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos expressed concern about the situation in Venezuela amid fears that an "implosion" in the neighboring country could affect the peace process involving the Colombian government and former guerrilla groups.
"If there is an implosion in Venezuela, it is not that we are going to receive a half a million people, which is what we have already received. It would be millions, and that will be a tremendous problem for the peace process and Colombia as a whole," Santos warned in remarks prepared for the Chatham House's annual prize on international affairs ceremony in London. Business Insider
I would go further and say that the bilateral relationship has reached its worst moment since the government of Ernesto Samper. It’s not as serious as 1998—nobody’s going to revoke the visa of any top government official—but after almost 19 years of hardly any U.S. public criticism of Colombia, today there is a steady stream of scoldings, expressions of impatience, and of public distancing from the peace policy. The disagreements have ideological roots: a hard-line government has come to power in Washington, one very much in tune with the Colombian right. But the hostile tone comes from the President himself, who is also disrespecting allies elsewhere around the world, from NATO to Australia to Mexico. Full interview in English: adamisacson.com; in Spanish, El Espectador
United Nations Assistant Secretary-General of Human Rights Andrew Gilmour lamented the state of Colombia’s program to integrate communist terrorists into civilian society on Friday, warning that, if the plan fails, the terrorists have a “strong chance” of going “back to something worse.”
Other FARC terrorists have simply refused to enter the peace process entirely. The government refers to these as “dissidents.” While the government insists only about 6 percent of FARC terrorists are defecting, an independent study by the InSight Crime group found that the real number of “dissidents” may be double that. Breitbart
A history book about Colombia’s recent past would rightly credit former President Álvaro Uribe, who governed from 2002 to 2010, with setting the stage for peace negotiations with guerrilla groups by leading a crackdown on insurgents that drove them to the negotiating table. Yet, confoundingly, Mr. Uribe has emerged as the chief obstacle to a negotiated end to Colombia’s 52-year armed conflict. [...] If that were to happen, Mr. Uribe would be chiefly to blame. The New York Times
The political events of last week in Colombia made clear that while the country has a real chance for peace, the road is still riddled with difficulties. On the one hand, the unprecedented ceasefire agreement between the Ejército de Liberación Nacional(ELN) and the government of Colombia is an encouraging sign that the peace process with this armed group is moving forward, albeit slowly. [..] The optimism was hampered, however, by the killing that same day of at least six peasants (although some accounts speak of up to 15) during a protest of coca growers in the town of Tumaco at the hands of the police, as the Office of the Ombudsman confirmed. This exemplifies the enormous hurdles facing the implementation of the peace agreement, signed almost a year ago. ReliefWeb